Gut microbiota-bone axis

Gut microbiota-bone axis

Have already for some years now that we talk and we study the immense world of the microbiota, an important regulator of homeostasis of the body, including intestinal and extra-intestinal effects, even you compare it to an immense body of him with all his independent features; it is also considered a “second brain”, but the most interesting discovery in recent months, carried out by the University of Toronto, Canada, is its close relationship with the skeletal system. For several years he was associated with the beneficial relationship between the osteoporotic disease and microbiota, but this study focuses on the effect of the influence of the intestinal microbial communities and molecules that synthesize and regulate bone health. While research in this area is limited, the results of preclinical studies claim that the intestinal microbiota has a positive impact on the parameters of bone mineral density and strength. Moreover, the administration of probiotics in preclinical models have demonstrated greater bone mineralization and increased bone strength in treated patients. The kind of preferential bacteria that has shown these beneficial effects on bone is Lactobacillus and then lactobacilli are among the best candidates for future clinical intervention studies. However, their effectiveness depends on the stage of growth, in fact, usually it is the first few years of life that are an important opportunity to determine bone health, especially through the modulation of the microbiota. Also, the difference of sex specific influences the efficacy of probiotics. Although auspicious, many questions about the microbiota-axis bones require consideration of potential mechanisms; specific effectiveness in relation to sex; the effective dose of probiotics; and the timing and the duration of treatment. But we can definitely say that this study opens up another interesting port on the universe of the intestinal...

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BALANCE OF PH IN URINE

BALANCE OF PH IN URINE

PH is the unit of measurement of the degree of alkalinity or acidity of a particular liquid. In our body, the normal pH has a value of 7. Above this value it has an excess of acidity, below, instead, an excess of alkalinity. The human biochemical processes function properly only if the pH is at a stable value of 7. The pH of urine reflects the renal ability to maintain a normal concentration of hydrogen ions in plasma and extracellular fluid. This result is mainly obtained through the reabsorption of sodium and secretion of hydrogen and ammonium ions by the renal tubules. The pH of urine can vary within a rather broad normal range. Unlike blood for which oscillations of ± 0.4 points are in itself an indicator of extremely serious diseases, the pH of urine is normally between 4.6 and 8, in relation to the diet and to the health of the body. In our bodies, there are buffer systems that regulate our pH. It is however noted that improper feeding, deficient trace elements and vitamins often leads to a metabolic acidosis; in particular in a body that presents pathologies, it is a true acid generator. This is because, due to the deficiency of these nutrients, which are important catalysts of enzymatic reactions, some chains of the chemical metabolism are blocked, resulting in the accumulation of acids. Urinary pH allows us to identify the excess of acidification in the organism due to deficiency of trace elements and vitamins. Therefore, it is necessary to supplement your diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables and supplement with alkalizing...

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INTESTINAL HYGIENE AND ANTI-AGING

INTESTINAL HYGIENE AND ANTI-AGING

The majority of chronic degenerative diseases depends on a bad state of the intestine. In particular, the abuse of refined sugar, that favors the proliferation of intestinal bacteria, in particular, coliforms, very active in the production of enzymes, which may facilitate the transformation of pre-carcinogens elements present in food in active carcinogens. The excessive consumption of meat can cause intestinal putrefaction reactions resulting in the formation of amines, extremely toxic substances. The abuse of saturated animal fats change the intestinal flora, increasing the percentage of bacteria that tend to turn the bile salts in carcinogens. They can also make the intestinal wall more porous and permeable to the bacteria that is present. In this environment intestinal flora acidophilus decreases and thus the natural barrier against microbial decomposition of foods fails; the cell membrane becomes more permeable, it lets a greater number of bacteria and toxic substances into the bloodstream through. Thus It is much easier that the organism weakens and leads to pathologies as well as chronic diseases. Also it is important to also have a regular daily bowel movement, to deal with a slow transit and consequent decrease in lactobacilli (acidic intestinal flora) and an increase in pathogenic bacteria. Therefore it is important to keep the intestinal environment as intact as possible. Depending on personal needs, the Dr. Kousmine suggests the use of two techniques to keep the intestine “clean” – the technique of enemas and the technique of colonic irrigation. The 1st technique involves the rectal introduction of approximately 2 liters of chamomile tea at a temperature of 35-37°, accompanied by abdominal massage. After evacuating the liquid, 4 tablespoons of cold-pressed sunflower oil, brought to the temperature of 35-37° must be introduced, preferably in the evening which will then be eliminated the morning after. The technique of irrigation of the colon consists of an enema with water at room temperature throughout the colon through a two-circuit cannula, one for the access of the water and one for outlet. This operation takes about 1 hour, cleans and detoxifies the intestine mucosa, removing all the waste that is present (the frequency of the use of this technique varies according to...

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The Mediterranean diet increases brain volume in the elderly.

The Mediterranean diet increases brain volume in the elderly.

More and more research suggests that adherence to a diet that matches the criteria of a style of Mediterranean food life (MEDI) may be protective for the protection from the aging brain. In a study conducted at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, in a cohort of more than 400 people from Scotland, who were about 70 years of age, those who were low consumers of the Medi, had significantly lower total brain volume than those who regularly had adhered to this type of diet. Interestingly, an increase in the consumption of fish or less of red meat consumption did not alter this result: this suggests that other components of the Medi or possibly all of its components together, are responsible for the association. Medi invites to a consumption of fruits, vegetables, cereals, legumes and olive oil in large quantities, to moderate fish consumption, and a low intake of red meat. Many studies in the past have told us long ago the validity of the Mediterranean diet, especially for better cognitive function and reduced risk of stroke and dementia. It also has recently been associated with increased cortical thickness and a greater brain volume in older patients. This study differs from others because in this last have examined brain measurements in an extended period of time. In fact qualitative measurements across test and measurement with MRI were performed in a 6 year period, evaluating the adherence of the participants to the Mediterranean diet. Moreover, in none of the participants were diagnosed signs of Alzheimer’s disease. This study dimosta the validity of this type of power and how it is desirable to healthy food corresponds a proper...

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The practice of sauna reduces Alzheimer

The practice of sauna reduces Alzheimer

A study published in Age and Aging last 7 December,  found that the constant and regular use of the practice of sauna is associated with a reduced risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD). Further results of this study at the University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, on ischemic heart disease (kihd), which included more than 2,300 middle-aged men, considered healthy at baseline, showed that those who practiced in sauna average from 4 to 7 times a week, they had 66% less likely to develop dementia at 20 years of follow-up than men who used a sauna once a week. Also, they had a reduction of 65% of the risk for AD. The report provides promising results: the first prospective study shows us how the bathroom sauna is a protective lifestyle potential factor for diseases of the common memory. The researchers examined previously the kihd study population to determine possible links between the sauna and cardiovascular events. They found that men who have practiced saunas no more than two or three times a week showed significantly lower rates of sudden cardiac / fatal coronary heart disease death compared to those who have only practiced saunas once a week. For the current analysis, the researchers examined a cohort of 2,315 participants who reported the practice of sauna. All the men were aged between 42 and the base 60 years (mean age, 53.1 years). Traditional Finnish sauna have been used by all participants in the study. These versions have dry air, and a recommended temperature between 80 and 100 ° C. and the humidity is increased temporarily by spraying water on the hot rocks inside the stove. The men were divided into 3 subgroups based on the weekly average of sauna use: once a week, 2 to 3 times a week, and 4 to 5 times a week. The mean follow-up time was 20.7 years. The results show a strong inverse association between the frequency of the sauna and the risk of dementia and [AD]. Note that recent studies have suggested that inflammation and oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of dementia .: our results are thus biologically plausible, since the regular practice of the sauna is associated with an improvement in vascular endothelial function, which also carries to reduce inflammation. In addition, the sauna can be useful in the reduction of elevated systemic blood pressure, which is well-known risk factor for...

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