The human body has from 5 to 7 grams of silicon, an amount that decreases over the years, as well as the absorption capacity decreases, and the decrease of the silicon is annexed to aging and related diseases.
The presence of silicon helps to bind calcium, strengthens bones and gives flexibility to muscles and tendons. It participates in the synthesis of elastin and collagen and thus contributes to the health of skin, hair, fingernails and vessel walls.
The absorption capacity decreases with increasing age, and in any case the body is not able to transform ingested mineral silicon into organic silicon. Sicon taken from plants (eg, Equisetum arvensis) is in colloidal form, that is, formed by colloids suspended in water and is difficult to absorb (3%) as well as irritating to kidneys and a possible cause of kidney stones; to overcome the intestinal wall it must be annexed to a carrier. Only organic silicon has a bioavailability that allows assimilation. Silicon is metabolized by micro-organisms that make it organic and water-soluble. Thanks to its water solubility and to amino acids carriers that bind during pre-digestion, organic silicon has a 70% absorption rate and does not strain the kidneys.
Organic silicon (monomethylsilanetriol), that acts primarily on inflammatory processes, is a pain reliever and its effectiveness is noticeable after a few minutes. For this reason, in the Caribbeans it is called “pain killer.” The molecule of the organic silicon is charged with unstable positive and negative ions and thus can intervene in the organism to restore the polarity of cells by releasing accordingly positive or negative ions. In fact, cell homeostasis derives from a phenomenon of polarization (dipole properties of cell membranes), an electric cellular imbalance that can lead to cellular alterations.
Silicon is concentrated in osteoblasts at the mitochondrial level.
Silicon, along with vitamin C ensures the formation of collagen and is essential for the formation of cartilage glycosaminoglycans. Its use in bone and joint diseases has highlighted the recovery of mobility and the regression of pain and, in osteoporosis,a remineralization of decalcified areas.
The main vessel wall contains 40% of elastin, abundant collagen and mucopolysaccharides. The decrease of silicon in the elderly determines the decrease of vascular tone, atheromatous lesions advance and reduces the concentration of silicon in the arterial walls. Silicon is also important for the preservation of the integrity of connective tissue that contains 30-40% of elastin and 2-3% of mucopolysaccharides. In fact, elastin contains from 200 to 500 mcg/g of silicon and the mucopolysaccharides from 300 to 1250 mcg/g and the deficiency of silicon, after age 40, causes dry skin and the formation of wrinkles, stretch marks and skin aging.
It can be used as a liquid or gel and be taken either orally or topically.